Encup Supriatna, Rizki Hegia Sampurna


Of lately, the issue of politics of identity has been on the rise in Indonesia. Some recent developments such as the 212 massive rally symbolize the critical juncture in the historical interaction between politics and identity in the Indonesian political landscape. Against the backdrop of this contextual setting, the study sought to empirically test theories of identity politics through analyzing the correlation between collective identity and protest participation. To that end, it adopts Klandermans’ PCI (politicized collective identity) model as a theoretical framework, hypothesizing that collective identity is not significantly directly correlated to the protest participation. It is rather mediated through the politicization in the form of power struggle.  The study applies a cross-sectional survey method to collect the data. As it found that predicting variables to protest participation might not only be having multi-collinearity, but also unspecified. The study, therefore, uses path analysis to illuminate the causal correlations of all variables, specified or not (Streiner, 2005). The study reveals that affective identity has a positive but not significant effect on protest participation. It, instead, has a significant indirect effect mediated by claim for political compensation. Whilst, the behavioral identity, engagement with identity organization, not only directly influences protest participation, but also has indirect effect mediated by shared grievances. These results would mean that merely being a Muslim does not drive someone to participate in the protest. But shared grievances such as feeling of injustice and active engagement in the identity organization would highly likely do so. The study sheds light on the possible future trajectory of identity politics in Indonesia. It might be safely hypothesized that identity politics will remains a very potent issue and may at any point in time burs into the political arena when issues of feeling injustice, among other things, arises as trigger mechanism.

Keywords: Politics Identity, Indonesia, 212 Rally, PCI Mode.

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