Contextualizing Community Economic Development

Ahmad Gamal

Abstract


This paper is aimed at contextualizing the approach of Community Based Development as an alternative solution of communities to reduce dependency to the outer forces. It is conducted by examining a heavily urbanized area in Central Jakarta and to compare it with different scales of contexts. Kelurahan Cideng has very unique context since its urban environment has particular population composition of the dichotomic extremes: the poor and the rich as well as those involved in formal and informal employment. The study treats a national government’s policy of the integration of Posyandu, BKK and provincial initiative of PAUD as the interplay with the socio-economic context of Cideng.


Keywords


Community-based Development, Economic Development, Formal, Informal, Planning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gottlieb, Robert. 2007. Reinventing Los Angeles. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press

Palen, John J. 2008. “The Rise of Urban America.” In The Urban World. 8th edition. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers

Chilcote, Ronald H. 1984. Theories of Development and Underdevelopment. Westview Press

Sklar, Holly. 1995 Chaos or Community? South End Press.

Glenn, Evelyn Nakano 2002 Unequal Freedom How Race and gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

McCall, Leslie 2001, Complex Inequality. Gender Class and Race in the new Economy New York and London: Routledge

Williams, Colin C. 2005. A Commodified World? Mapping the Limits of Capitalism. London & New York: Zed Books

Williams, Colin C, Teresa Aldreidge and Jane Tooke. 2003. Alternative Exchange Spaces in Leyshon, Andrew. Roger Lee and Colin C Williams. Alternative Economic Spaces. London: Sage Publications. pp151-167

Boothroyd, Peter and H. Craig Davis 1993 Community Economic Development: Three Approaches. in Journal of Planning Education and Research 12. pp 230-240

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Indonesia (Indonesian Statistic Bureau), Statistics Glossary,

http://www.bps.go.id/cgi-bin/glossary/faqmanager.cgi, accessed October 15, 2008, 6.35pm

Situs Resmi Pemerintah Walikotamadya Jakarta Pusat (Official Website of District Government of Central Jakarta), Industri di Jakarta Pusat, http://pusat.jakarta.go.id, accessed October 15, 2008, 7.12pm

Sobirin, Banjir Jakarta Sepanjang Jaman, Saturday, July 28, 2007, http://sobirin-xyz.blogspot.com/2007/07/banjir-jakarta-sepanjang-jaman.html, accessed October 15, 2008, 7.22pm

Londo, Paulus. Banjir Kanal Barat vs Banjir circa 1922. Strategi Prof Dr H van Breen Menyelamatkan Jakarta dari Banjir. Kompas, Tuesday, February 5th 2002 . http://benedikthasoloan.com/blog/weblog.php?id=10, accessed October 15, 2008, 9.23pm

Urban Poor Consortium, Penggusuran, http://upc.uplink.or.id/penggusuran/jakarta.htm, accessed October 15, 2008, 8.22pm

United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Technical Notes on Human Development Index, http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr_20072008_tech_note_1.pdf, accessed October 7, 2008, 5.35pm

Statistics Indonesia. 2008. Indonesia Population Projection, 2000-2025. Jakarta: BPS

Statistics Indonesia. 2008. Human Development Index, 2004-2005. Jakarta: BPS

Statistics Indonesia. 2008. Welfare Statistics, 2005. Jakarta: BPS

Statistics Indonesia. 2008. Population Projection of Province in Indonesia 2005-2015. Jakarta: BPS

UNESCO. Indonesia’s Education for All. http://portal.unesco.org/education/es/files/22302/10958557103indonesia1.pdf/indonesia1.pdf, accessed October 18, 2008, 5.32pm

Djalal, Fasli. “Government’s Policy for Revitalization of Early Childhood Services”, in Bulletin PADU, Scientific Journal for Early Childhood, Vol. 4 no.1/April 2005

RAND, http://www.rand.org/labor/bps.data/datadocpdf/podes/podes83glossary.pdf, , accessed October 1, 2008, 6.35pm

Sabarno, RA Dewi Hari. “Family Wealth and Empowerment through Early Education Program”, in Bulletin PADU, Scientific Journal for Early Childhood, Vol. 4 no.1/April 2005

United Nations Children and Education Foundation (UNICEF), 2002 IDS: Evaluation of Posyandu Revitalization, http://www.unicef.org/evaldatabase/files/IDS_02_001.pdf, accesed October 13, 2008, 7.22pm

United States AID (USAID), USAID Gives Pandeglang Children a Head Start , http://indonesia.usaid.gov/en/Article.218.aspx, accessed October 6, 2008, 9.22pm

Center for Communication Program, John Hopkins School of Public Policy, http://www.jhuccp.org/training/scope/starguide/data/Hyperbolic%20Tree/Posyandu.htm, accessed October 14, 2008, 9.13pm

Suryadi, Ace. “Integrating PAUD (Early Education program) with BKB (Education for Families with Infants) and Posyandu (Integrated Services Post)”, in Bulletin PADU, Scientific Journal for Early Childhood, Vol. 4 no.1/April 2005

Azahari, Ratnasari. “Preparing Potential Human Resources through Education for Family with Infants”, in Bulletin PADU, Scientific Journal for Early Childhood, Vol. 4 no.1/April 2005

PAUD Cideng. Fund Starter Proposal, July 2 2008.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24853/ijbesr.2.2.75-86

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Built Environment and Scientific Research



web
analytics

View My Stats

Powered by Puskom-UMJ