MORPHOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS OF PANICLES AND FLOWER TWELVE GENOTYPES LOCAL RICE OF KUANTAN SINGINGI

Anton Kurniawan, Elfi Indrawanis, Chairil Ezward

Abstract


Germplasm is a very useful genetic resource for assembling a variety. The preservation of germplasm accompanied by characterization is an effort to provide useful genes. The aims of the research is to identify and characterize 12 genotypes local rice in Kuantan Singingi. This research was used purposive random sampling method. Data were collected by identifying the characteristics of 12 genotypes local rice in Kuantan Singingi directly into the field. Data observations were carried out on samples based on the guidelines for the characterization and evaluation system for rice plants, the National Commission for Germplasm (2003) and Bioversity International, IRRI and WARDA (2007). The characters observed were qualitative and quantitative characters on panicle and flower organs. Observation data were processed using Ms. software. Excel and (NTSYS-pc) version 2.02. The results showed that the diversity of the morphological characters of flowers and panicles, where in the 75% similarity coefficient there are 2 groups, namely group I (PL01 with PL05) and group II (PL03 with PL11).

Keywords


Characterization, panicles, flowers, local rice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik. 2011. Konsumsi Beras Masyarakat Indonesia. http://bps.tnmnpgn.go.id.17

Bioversity International, IRRI and WARDA. 2007. Descriptors for wild and cultivated rice (Oryza spp.). Bioversity International, Rome, Italy; International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines; WARDA, Africa Rice Center, Cotonou, Benin. ISBN-13: 978-92-9043-716-1. ISBN-10: 92-9043-716-2

Cahyarini, R. D. 2004. Identifikasi keragaman genetik beberapa varietas kedelai jawa berdasarkan analisis isozim. Thesis Master yang tidak dipublikasikan. Universitas Sebelas Maret. Surakarta.

Daradjat, A.A., M. Noch, dan M.T. Danakusuma. 1991. Diversitas genetik pada beberapa sifat kuantitatif tanaman terigu (Triticum aestivum L.). Zuriat 2 (1): 21-25

Dinas Pertanian Kuantan Singingi. 2017. Laporan Tahunan Produksi Padi. Teluk Kuantan.

Endah, L. S., P. Nunik., S. Ariyanti and H. Sunarso. 2003. Relationship of 18 Taro (Colacasia esculenta L.) collections from Bogor based on morphological and isozymes characters. Kumpulan Abstrak Seminar Nasional X Persada. Bogor. 156p

Ezward C, Elfi I, Seprido dan Mashadi. 2017. Peningkatan Produktivitas Tanaman Padi melalui Teknik Budidaya dan Pupuk Kompos Jerami. Agrosains dan Teknologi Volume 2 Nomor 1, hlm 51-68

Irawan B, Purbayanti K. 2008. Karakterisasi dan kekerabatan kultivar padi

lokal di desa Ranca kalong, kecamatan Ranca kalong, Kabupaten Sumedang. Prosiding Seminar Nasional PTTI, 21-23 Oktober 2008.

Julisaniah N.I., L. Sulistyowatidan A.N. Sugiharto. 2008. Analisis Kekerabatan Mentimun (Cucumis sativus L.) menggunakan Metode RAPD PCR dan Isozim. Biodiversitas, 9 (2) : 99 - 102.

Ketan, R. and G. Sarkar. 2014. Studies on variability, heritability, genetic advance, and path analysis in some indigenous Aman rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Crop and Weed 10 (2).

Kiani, G. 2013. Heritability and diversity analysis of quantitative traits in rice. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 78 (2) : 113 – 117

Komisi Nasional Plasma Nutfah (2003) Panduan sistem karakterisasi dan evaluasi tanaman padi. Jakarta, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Sekretariat Komisi Nasional Plasma Nutfah. Bogor.

Lee, M. 1998. DNA markers for detecting genetic relationship among germplasm revealed for establishing heterotic groups. Presented at the Maize Training Course, CIMMYT, Texcoco, Meksico, August 25, 1998.

Mohanan, K.V. and C.B. Mini. 2008. Relative contribution of rice tillers of different status towards yield. Int. J. Plant. Breed. Genet. 2:9Ì12.

Purwono. MS dan Heni,P. 2009. Budidaya Delapan Jenis Tanaman Pangan Unggul. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta

Rozika., R.H. Murtidan S. Purwanti. 2013. Eksplorasi dan Karakterisasi Sawo (Manikarazapota L. (van Royen) di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarat. Vegetalika 2 (4): 101-114

Shahidullah, S.M., Musa, M. Hanafi, M.A. Ismail, M.R.and S.M. Abdus. 2009. Tillering dynamics inaromatic rice genotypes. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 11 (5) : 509 – 514.

Sumarno dan Zuraida. N. 2008. Pengelolaan plasmanutfah tanaman terintegrasi dengan program pemuliaan. Buletin Plasma Nutfah14 (2) : 57 - 67.

Sundari, T. 2009. Pemuliaan Tanaman. Dalam J.Wargiono, Hermanto, dan Sunihardi (eds.) Ubi Kayu. Inovasi Teknologi dan Kebijakan Pengembangan Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan, Badan Litbang Pertanian.

Zuraida, N. 2010. Karakterisasi Beberapa Sifat Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif Plasma Nutfah Ubi Kayu (Manihot esculenta Crantz.). Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24853/jat.5.2.87-98

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright of Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI (e-ISSN:2528-3278, p-ISSN:2528-0201).

   Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Powered by Puskom-UMJ