METODOLOGI PERHITUNGAN KOEFISIEN PERPINDAHAN PANAS KONVEKSI PAKSA FLUIDA ORGANIK PROPANA PADA KONDISI SUPERKRITIK

Harmen Harmen, Willy Adriansyah, Abdurrachim Abdurrachim, Ari Darmawan Pasek

Abstract


Penelitian tentang siklus Rankine organik superkritis mulai giat dilakukan sebagai salah satu usaha untuk meningkatkan efisiensi termal dari siklus Rankine organik. Pada kondisi superkritik, sifat-sifat termodinamika dan fisika dari fluida organik berubah dengan sangat drastis disekitar titik kritisnya. Sehingga perhitungan koefisien perpindahan panas konveksi paksa tidak dapat lagi dilakukan dengan asumsi sifat-sifat fluida konstan. Dalam penelitian ini diusulkan sebuah metodologi untuk menghitung nilai koefisien perpindahan panas pada kondisi superkritis. Propana digunakan sebagai fluida organiknya. Tipe alat pemindah panas yang dipakai adalah jenis pipa ganda aliran berlawanan arah dan perhitungan bilangan Nusselt menggunakan korelasi Dittus-Boetler dan Gnielinski. Hasil perhitungan koefisien perpindahan panas dengan menggunakan metodologi ini dapat digunakan untuk menghitung luas daerah perpindahan panas dari alat pemindah panas tipe double pipe counter flow. Selanjutnya hasil perhitungan ini perlu dibandingkan dengan nilai koefisien perpindahan panas yang diperoleh dari hasil eksperimen.

Keywords


superkritik, siklus Rankine organik, propana, koefisien perpindahan panas

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24853/jurtek.9.2.89-96

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