TINDAKAN KOLEKTIF AKTIVIS KAMPUNG MISKIN KOTA DALAM PERENCANAAN DESAIN KAMPUNG SUSUN BAHARI AKUARIUM, PENJARINGAN JAKARTA UTARA

Deni Hardiawan Putra

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini menganalisis tindakan kolektif Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota dalam perencanaan desain Kampung Susun Bahari Akuarium menggunakan teori Strategic Action Fields (SAFs). Tindakan kolektif Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota telah dibentuk sejak penggusuran Kampung Akuarium. Mereka membuat rancangan desain kampung susun sebagai kampanye anti penggusuran. Tindakan kolektif tersebut membuat Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota memiliki posisi tawar dalam kebijakan perumahan rakyat yang berhubungan dengan kampung miskin kota. Beragam tindakan kolektif mereka lakukan selama periode kontestasi sosial pasca penggusuran salah satunya perencanaan desain pembangunan kembali Kampung Akuarium. Setelah proses kontestasi sosial selesai tindakan kolektif Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota mengalami perubahan. Peneliti ingin mendalami perubahan tersebut dengan melakukan penelitian studi kasus. Peneliti melakukan proses pengumpulan data primer melalui wawancara dan observasi penelitian selama bulan Februari hingga April 2021. Sementara pengumpulan data sekunder dilakukan dengan studi literatur jurnal-jurnal penelitian, dokumentasi foto dan mengikuti webinar yang membahas Kampung Akuarium. Penelitian ini menemukan tindakan kolektif Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota berkembang seiring keterlibatan mereka dalam perencanaan desain Kampung Kampung Susun Bahari Akuarium. Tindakan kolektif yang dibentuk Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota dengan Pemprov DKI Jakarta menghasilkan ide baru tentang Kampung Susun (vertical house) sebagai model hunian baru yang selaras dengan peraturan tata ruang wilayah dan aspek sosial-budaya yang sudah terbentuk sejak lama.

 

Kata Kunci: Tindakan Kolektif, Aktivis Kampung Miskin Kota, Perencanaan Desain, Kampung Susun Bahari Akuarium

 

ABSTRACT. This study analyzes the collective action of the Urban Poor Activist in planning the design of the Kampung Susun Bahari Akuarium using the Strategic Action Fields (SAFs) theory. The collaborative action of the Urban Poor Activist has been formed since the eviction of Kampung Akuarium. They drafted the design of the flats as an anti-eviction campaign. This collective action has made the Urban Poor Activist have a bargaining position in public housing policies related to urban poor villages. They took various collective actions during the post-eviction period of social contestation, one of which was the planning for the redevelopment of the Akuarium Village. After the social contestation process was completed, the collective actions of the Urban Poor Activist changed. Researchers want to explore these changes by conducting case study research. Researchers conducted the primary data collection process through interviews and research observations from February to April 2021.

 

Meanwhile, secondary data collection was carried out by studying literature in research journals, photo documentation, and attending webinars discussing Akuarium Village. This study found that the collective action of the Urban Poor Activists developed along with their involvement in the design planning of the Kampung Susun Bahari Aquarium. The collaborative action formed by the Urban Poor Activist with the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government resulted in a new idea of Kampung Susun (vertical house) as a new residential model. It is in line with regional spatial planning regulations and socio-cultural aspects that have been formed for a long time.

 

Keywords: Collaborative action, Urban Poor Activist, Design Planning, Kampung Susun Bahari Akuarium


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24853/nalars.21.1.45-56

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