Informal Cross-Border Trade: Malaysia-Indonesia Borders The Conceptualisation From ‘Authority-Defined’ To "Everyday-Defined"

Fauzie Sarjono, Endang Rudiatin


For these border studies, understanding borderlanders provides a new narrative about boundaries. The history of a nation-state of a collective nature, the alignment of power, economic segmentation, and integration of culture, ethnicity, and identity, religion, the behavior of marginal communities, as well as modern socio-political segregation are variables that can be raised in various disciplines. In this study, we offer a qualitative method with an ethnographic perspective, as many anthropologists do, but with a constructivist approach. We call it the conceptualization of "Authority-Defined" to "Everyday-Defined." The diversity of narratives and connotations in unraveling boundaries gives the perspective of contextual interpretation in different positions. Surely, understanding boundaries should also be seen in such a detailed context that the actors of border studies, i.e., society, are observed through the lens of meaning boundaries in their everyday lives. These differences lead to findings that are rich in dynamic and varied border backgrounds. This discussion focused on on-the-ground findings about informal cross-border trade, specifically at the Malaysia-Indonesia border. A trading system built by local communities is certainly different from the trade system in non-border areas and even in the country's capital area.


Borders, authority-defined, everyday-defined, Border trade

Full Text:



Bojcun M. (2016). Tatiana Zhurzhenko, Borderlands into Bordered Lands. Geopolitics of Identity in Post-Soviet Ukraine. Debate: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe 19 (1-2): 522-524.

Boon-Thong, L., & Bahrin, T. S. (2019). Vanishing borders: the new international order of the 21st century. Routledge.

Boon-Thong, L., & Bahrin, T. S. (2019). Vanishing borders: the new international order of the 21st century. Routledge.

Gilles, P., Koff, H., Maganda, C., & Schulz, C. (2013). Theorizing borders through analyses of power relationships. PIE Peter Lang Brussels.

Hun, P. G., & Kaur, C. (2014). Identiti etnik minoriti di Malaysia: Antara realiti sosial tafsiran autoriti dan tafsiran harian. Akademika, 84(1&2), 57–70.

Ishikawa, N. (2012). Between frontiers: nation and identity in a Southeast Asian borderland. Ohio University Press.

Kolossov, V., & Scott, J. (2013). Selected conceptual issues in border studies. Belgeo. Revue Belge de Géographie, 1.

Kramsch, O. T. (2013). Regulating European borders: a cultural perspective. Veggeland, N.(Ed.), Innovative Regulatory Approaches: Coping with Scandinavian and European Union Policies, 71–84.

Lee, S. K. (2015). Behind the scenes: Smuggling in the Thailand-Myanmar borderland. Pacific Affairs, 88(4), 767–790.

Maity, R., & Sandhu, S. K. (n.d.). The Impact of Social Media on Online Purchasing Behaviour of Consumers: An Empirical Study of Youth in West Bengal, India. Malaysian Journal of Consumer and Family Economics, 26–42.

McCall, C. (2013). European Union cross-border cooperation and conflict amelioration. Space and Polity, 17(2), 197–216.

Murphy, A. B. (2013). Intersecting geographies of institutions and sovereignty. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies.

Mwakisale, L., & Magai, P. S. (2015). Involvement in informal cross border trade: A case of women entrepreneurs in Tanzania.

Newman, D. (2016). Contemporary research agendas in border studies: An overview. The Routledge Research Companion to Border Studies, 55–70.

Paasi, A. (2014). Border studies reanimated: going beyond the territorial/relational divide. Environment and Planning A, 44(10), 2303–2309.

Pierce, P. B., & Boyle, B. H. (2015). Boyle : The Ideal Clinic.

Rudiatin, E. (2018a). Border Trade Agreement dan Integrasi Ekonomi di Perbatasan. Prosiding, 60.

Rudiatin, E. (2018b). Malayndonesia: Integrasi ekonomi di Perbatasan Indonesia-Malaysia: Sebatik Kalimantan Utara-Tawau Sabah. Bening Era.

Shamsul, A. B. (2015). Politics of Language and Language of Politics: Theory and Practice of the Nation of Intent as articulated in Malaysia. UKM Ethnic Studies Paper Series No. 35 (June).


Vogeler, I. (2015). Types of international borders along the US-Mexico border. Geography Online, 10(1), 1–6.

Wille, C., Gerst, D., & Krämer, H. (2021). Identities and Methodologies of Border Studies: Recent Empirical and Conceptual Approaches. Borders in Perspective, 6, 126.

Gilles, P., Koff, H., Maganda, C., & Schulz, C. (2013). Theorizing borders through analyses of power relationships. PIE Peter Lang Brussels.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 BASKARA : Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship

BASKARA: Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship
Indexed By:

Sinta Dikti Garuda Google Scholar E-ISSN Official for BASKARA

Copyright of Baskara: Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship (e-ISSN: 2623-0089 ).

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Powered by Puskom-UMJ