Gain Insight into Sound Change Tendency among Thai Students

Agustine Andriana Ayu Mahardika, Ouda Teda Ena


Good pronunciation leads to the clarity of understanding and delivering a word in daily communication and context. Since pronunciation is considered one of the problems for Thai students, this research investigated some sound changes of English words made by Thai students. ten sophomore students of English for Liberal Art in Xavier Learning Community Thailand were the participants in this research. one research question to be answered in this research is “what are common factors affecting Thai students’ English sound change?” Mixed-method was implemented to answer the research question and discover Thai students’ English mispronunciation. The focus of this study is to seek the common factors influencing Thai students’ English mispronunciation. The instruments to gather the data in this research are questionnaires and interviews. The result showed that five major problems are affecting Thai students’ English mispronunciation namely mother tongue, motivation, age, and intonation. Language change also becomes one of the factors affecting sound change among Thai students. This research concluded that to master the English language, L2 students should be more attentive to learning English. L2 students must also realize the importance of learning English pronunciation. This research has implications for the students, thesis advisors, and future researchers.


English; sound change; Thai students


Anjayani, P., Suprapto, D., & Hum, M. (2016). Error analysis on the use of prepositions in students’ writing (A case study of the eleventh grade students of SMA Negeri 9 Semarang in the academic year of 2014/2015). ELT Forum: Journal of English Language Teaching, 5(2), 1–6.

Bowen, G. A. (2008). Naturalistic inquiry and the saturation concept: A research note. Qualitative Research, 8(1), 137–152.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, D. J. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. In Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 6(11), 951–952. (5th ed.). SAGE.

Crowley, F., & Bowern, C. (2010). An Introduction to Historical Linguistics: Fourth Edition (4th Ed.). Oxford University Press, Inc.

Destiyana, D., & Laila, M. (2020). The intelligibility of Indonesian learners of English (ILE) in understanding the pronunciation of English spoken by Thai students. Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, 7(2), 419–425.

Fasold, W. Ralph & Linton, J. C. (2006). An Introduction to Language and Linguistics. In The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics. Cambrigde University Press.

Hadi, M. S.; Izzah, L.; Masae, M. (2020). Factors affecting speaking anxiety of Thai students during oral presentation : Faculty of Education in TSAI. Engllish Language in Focus (ELIF), 3(1), 79–88.

Jamcharoensup, P. (2014). Teaching Thai language to Thai children in Switzerland. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112(2014), 1022–1026.

Jenkins, J. (2008). English as a lingua franca. JACET 47th Annual Convention, University of Southampton, 1–47.

Khamkhien, A. (2010). Thai learners’ English pronunciation competence: Lesson learned from word stress assignment. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1(6), 757–764.

Lansri, S., & Katenga, J. E. (2019). Thai students’ motivation to speak English outside the classroom at Asia-Pacific international university. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 1538–1557.

Lauder, A. (2008). The status and function of English in Indonesia: A review of key factors. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 12(1), 9–20.

Le, H. T., & Boonmoh, A. (2020). Thai students ’ production of English coda clusters : An experiment on sonority with Thai university students taking an English fundamental course. Human Behavior, Development and Society, 21(2), 17–29.

Moyer, A. (2007). Do language attitudes determine accent? A study of bilinguals in the USA. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 28(6), 502–518.

Oktavianingsih, N. W. Y. (2018). The English sound changes of Nias students’ pronunciation. Sanata Dharma University.

Plailek, T., & Essien, A. M. (2021). Pronunciation problems and factors affecting English pronunciation of EFL students. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 12(12), 2026–2033.

Rosari, M. D., & Ena, O. T. (2019). Inaccurate pronunciations of English vowel sounds by online Indonesian English teachers in three Youtube channels. Academic Journal Perspective : Education, Language, and Literature, 7(2), 65–74.

Ruengwatthakee, P. (2021). Improving Thai college students’ English /-s/ pronunciation through storytelling. 1–24.

Rusik, F. N. (2015). The English sound changes among Lamohot English learners. Sanata Dharma University.

Sa-e-dee, M. S. (2020). English pronunciation problems of Thai students in Semarang. Walisongo University Semarang.

Sahatsathatsana, S. (2017). Pronunciation problems of Thai students learning English phonetics : A case study at Kalasin University. Journal of Education, Mahasarakham University, 11(4), 67–84.

Sanjaya, A. A., & Bram, B. (2021). Investigating preposition usage problems of English language education program students. Saga, 2(1), 19–34.

Sasum, S., & Weeks, B. (2018). Why some Thai students cannot speak English fluently? RSU International Research Conference 2018, May, 361–367.

Tahe, A. (2020). The problems of Thai students in mastering English speaking skills in the Islamic university of Lamongan. E-Link Journal, 7(2), 1–16.

Tam, H. C. (2005). Common pronunciation problem of Vietnamese learners of English. Journal of Science, Foreign Language, 21(1), 35–46.

Tanaka, M. (2017). Factors affecting motivation for short in-class extensive reading. Journal of Asia TEFL, 14(1), 98–113.

Tantiwich, K. &, & Sinwongsuwat, K. (2021). Thai university students’ problems of language use in English conversation. Journal, 14(2), 598–626.

Visaltanachoti, C.; Viriyavejakul, C; Ratanaolarn, T. (2021). Teaching English to Thai students using an artificial intelligence technology algorithmic model : A prototype analysis. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 12(14), 5623–5630.

Waehama, R. (2019). The problems faced by Thai students in writing English composition at IAIN Salatiga. IAIN Salatiga.

Wongsuriya, P. (2020). Improving the Thai students’ ability in English pronunciation through mobile application. Educational Research and Reviews, 15(4), 175–185.

Zhang, F.; Yin, P. (2009). A study of pronunciation problems of English learners in China. Asian Social Science, 5(6), 141–146.

Zhou, Y.; Wei, Y. (2002). Insights into English pronunciation problems of Thai students. Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC).



  • There are currently no refbacks.




English Language in Focus (ELIF) is published by


This work is licensed under



Powered by Puskom-UMJ