Common Listening Challenges: Indonesian EFL Learners’ Perception

Lidiyatul Izzah, Khodijah Keeya

Abstract


 

Being a major part of internationalizing higher education, teaching English taps particular general cognitive abilities. It is mainly regarding listening that is hypothesized to have a higher influence on acquisition of foreign language. The aim of this study was to identify the common listening challenges experienced by Indonesian EFL learners. This research was practical research using descriptive methods of quantitative research. Subject of the study were subsequently randomly chosen, in which EFL learners at even semesters become the representative. In collecting data, the researchers used a self-structured questionnaire that refers to three primary categories: (1) the listener, (2) the passage, and (3), the physical setting. The data was then statistically evaluated by referring to Likert type scales, to discover useful information. After all, the finding showed that distortions, lexis recognition, phonological awareness, complexity of the passage and the speech rate highlighted a high degree response of common listening challenges. The significance of the study expected to contribute learners with a better understanding and propose new ideas for acceptable teaching listening.

Keywords: EFL,  Indonesian learners, listening difficulties, listening challenges

Citation APA Style: Izzah, L., & Keeya, K. (2019). Common Listening Challenges: Indonesian EFL Learners’ Perception. English Language in Focus (ELIF), 1(2), 95106.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Assaf, A. H. (2015). The Difficulties Encountered by EFL Learners in Listening Comprehension as Perceived by ELC Students at the Arab American University-Jenin. Palestine: An-Najah National University.

Bloomfield, A., Wayland, S. C., Rhoades, E., Blodgett, A., Linck, J., & Ross, S. (2010). What Makes Listening Difficult? Factors Affecting Second Language Listening Comprehension. Maryland: University of Maryland.

Bodie, G. D., Worthington, D., Imhof, M., & Cooper, L. O. (2008). What Would a Unified Field of Listening Look Like? A Proposal Linking Past Perspectives and Future Endeavors. International Journal of Listening, 22(2), 103–122. https://doi.org/10.1080/10904010802174867

Brown, G. (1995). Dimensions of Difficulty in Listening Comprehension. In D. J. Mendelsohn & J. Rubin (Eds.), A Guide for the Teaching of Second Language Listening (pp. 11-15). Canada, USA: Dominie Press.

Buck, G., & Tatsuoka, K. (1998). Application of the Rule-space Procedure to Language Testing: Examining Attributes of a Free Response Listening Test. Language Testing, 15(2), 119–157. https://doi.org/10.1177/026553229801500201

Chaudron, C. (1983). Simplification of Input: Topic Reinstatements and Their Effects on L2 Learners’ Recognition and Recall. TESOL Quarterly, 17(3), 437–458.

Ching-Shyang Chang, A., & Read, J. (2008). Reducing Listening Test Anxiety Through Various Forms of Listening Support. TESL-EJ, 12(1).

Crystal, D. (2003). English as a Global Language (2nd Ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Downs, L. J. (2008). Listening Skills Training. Alexandria: ASTD Press.

Dunkel, P., Henning, G., & Chaudron, C. (1993). The Assessment of an L2 Listening Comprehension Construct: A Tentative Model for Test Specification and Development. The Modern Language Journal, 77(2), 180-190. https://doi.org/10.2307/328942

Feyten, C. M. (1991). The Power of Listening Ability: An Overlooked Dimension in Language Acquisition. The Modern Language Journal, 75(2), 173-180. https://doi.org/10.2307/328825

Field, J. (2008). Listening in the Language Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flowerdew, J., & Miller, L. (2005). Second Language Listening: Theory and Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gilmore, A. (2007). Authentic Materials and Authenticity in Foreign Language Learning. Language Teaching, 40(2), 97–118. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444807004144

Goh, C. C. (2000). A cognitive perspective on language learners’ listening comprehension problems. System, 28(1), 55–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0346-251X(99)00060-3

Golchi, M. M. (2012). Listening Anxiety and Its Relationship with Listening Strategy Use and Listening Comprehension among Iranian IELTS Learners. International Journal of English Linguistics, 2(4), 115–128. https://doi.org/doi:10.5539/ijel.v2n4p115

Graham, S. (2006). Listening Comprehension: The Learners’ Perspective. System, 34(2), 165–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SYSTEM.2005.11.001

Guo, N., & Wills, R. (2005). An Investigation of Factors Influencing English Listening Comprehension and Possible Measures for Improvement (1–16). AARE Annual Conference. Retrieved from https://www.aare.edu.au/

Harrington, M., & Sawyer, M. (1992). L2 Working Memory Capacity and L2 Reading Skill. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 14(1), 25–38.

Henning, G. (1990). A Study of the Effects of Variation of Short-Term Memory Load, Reading Response Length, and Processing Hierarchy on TOEFL Listening Comprehension Item Performance. In ETS Research Report Series (Vol. 1990). https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2333-8504.1990.tb01354.x

Ilhan, B. (2018). Length in listening texts as a single determiner of difficulty for comprehension. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 14(3), 336–346.

Koch, X., & Janse, E. (2016). Speech rate effects on the processing of conversational speech across the adult life span. Acoustical Society of America, 139(4), 1618–1636. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4944032

Larsen-Freeman, D., & Long, M. H. (2014). An Introduction to Second Language Acquisition Research. New York: Routledge.

Major, R. C., Fitzmaurice, S. F., Bunta, F., & Balasubramanian, C. (2002). The Effects of Nonnative Accents on Listening Comprehension: Implications for ESL Assessment. TESOL Quarterly, 36(2), 173. https://doi.org/10.2307/3588329

Markham, P., & Latham, M. (1987). The Influence of Religion-Specific Background Knowledge on the Listening Comprehension of Adult Second-Language Students. Language Learning, 37(2), 157–170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1987.tb00563.x

McDonald, J. L. (2006). Beyond the Critical Period: Processing-Based Explanations for Poor Grammaticality Judgment Performance by Late Second Language Learners. Journal of Memory and Language, 55(3), 381–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2006.06.006

Mckenzie-Brown, P. (2012). Reflections on Communicative Language Teaching: A Course Book for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Independent Publishing.

Miyake, A., & Friedman, N. P. (1988). Individual Differences in Second Language Proficiency: Working Memory as Language Aptitude. In A. F. Healy & L. E. Bourne (Eds.), Foreign Language Learning: Psycholinguistic Studies on Training and Retention (pp. 318–338). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Mohamadi, Z. (2013). Determining the Difficulty Level of Listening Tasks. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 3(6), 987–994. https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.3.6.987-994

Nation, I. S. P. (2001). Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nemtchinova, E. (2013). Teaching Listening. In TESOL International Association. Virginia: TESOL International Association.

Nguyen, C.-D., & Newton, J. (2018). Schemata in Listening Comprehension. In J. I. Liontas (Ed.), The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching (pp. 1–7).

https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118784235.eelt0592

Nissan, S., DeVincenzi, F., & Tang, K. L. (1995). An Analysis of Factors Affecting the Difficulty of Dialogue Items in TOEFL Listening Comprehension. ETS Research Report Series, 1995(2), i–42. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2333-8504.1995.tb01671.x

Peterson, P. W. (2001). Skills and Strategies for Proficient Listening. In M. Celce- Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as Second or Foreign Language (pp. 65–85). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Preiss, R. W., & Wheeless, L. R. (1989). Affective Responses in Listening: A Meta-Analysis of Receiver Apprehension Outcomes. International Listening Association. Journal, 3(1), 72–102. https://doi.org/10.1207/s1932586xijl0301_8

Prince, P. (2014). Listening Comprehension: Processing Demands and Assessment Issues. In P. Leclercq, A. Edmonds, & H. Hilton (Eds.), Measuring L2 Proficiency: Perspectives from SLA (pp. 93–108). Canada: Multilingual Matters.

Renandya, W. A., & Farrell, T. S. C. (2011). “Teacher, the tape is too fast!” Extensive listening in ELT. ELT Journal, 65(1), 52–59. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccq015

Rixon, S. (1986). Developing Listening Skill. London: Macmillan.

Rost, M. (2001). Listening. In R. Carter & D. Nunan (Eds.), The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (pp. 7–13). UK: Cambridge University Press.

Rost, M., & Wilson, J. (2013). Active listening. New York: Routledge.

Rubin, J. (1994). A Review of Second Language Listening Comprehension Research. The Modern Language Journal, 78(2), 199. https://doi.org/10.2307/329010

Rupp, A. A., Garcia, P., & Jamieson, J. (2001). Combining Multiple Regression and CART to Understand Difficulty in Second Language Reading and Listening Comprehension Test Items. International Journal of Testing, 1(3–4), 185–216.

https://doi.org/10.1080/15305058.2001.9669470

Schmidt-Rinehart, B. C. (1994). The Effects of Topic Familiarity on Second Language Listening Comprehension. Modern Language Journal, 78(2), 179–189.

Siegel, J. (2015). Exploring Listening Strategy Instruction through Action Research. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tschirner, E. (2001). Language Acquisition in the Classroom: The Role of Digital Video. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 14(3–4), 305–319. https://doi.org/10.1076/call.14.3.305.5796

Turel, V. (2014). Factors Affecting Listening. In C. M. Akrivopoulou & N. Garipidis (Eds.), Human Rights and the Impact of ICT in the Public Sphere: Participation, Democracy, and Political Autonomy: Participation, Democracy, and Political Autonomy (pp. 310–331). New York: IGI Global.

Ulum, Ö. G. (2015). Listening: The Ignored Skill in EFL Context. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE), 2(5), 72–80. Retrieved from www.arcjournals.org

Underwood, M. (1989). Teaching Listening. New York: Longman.

Ur, P. (1984). Teaching Listening Comprehension. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vandergrift, L. (2006). Second Language Listening: Listening Ability or Language Proficiency? The Modern Language Journal, 90(1), 6–18. https://doi.org/10.2307/3588811

Vandergrift, L. (2007). Recent Developments in Second and Foreign Language Listening Comprehension Research. Language Teaching, 40(3), 191–210. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444807004338

Wang, H. (2018). Testing Lecture Comprehension Through Listening-to-summarize Cloze Tasks: The Trio of Task Demands, Cognitive Processes and Language Competence. Singapore: Springer.

Watson, K. W., & Smeltzer, L. R. (1984). Barriers to Listening: Comparison between Students and Practitioners. Communication Research Reports, 1(1), 82–87.

Xu, F. (2011). Anxiety in EFL Listening Comprehension. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 1(12), 1709–1717. https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.1.12.1709-1717


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Powered by Puskom-UMJ