Language Learning Strategies (LLS) Used by Malaysian, Pakistani, and Italian ESL Learners: Comparing to Indonesian EFL Learners

Hanan Imtinani Fathiyah, Azira Nafisah Amiruddin, Faizan Khan, Federica Venzano


This study deals with a review of the problematic approach in selecting Language Learning Strategies (LLS) due to the misleading the characteristics of English. Along with the purpose, this paper seeks to compare the differences between cultural and linguistic backgrounds of Indonesian EFL with Malaysian, Pakistani, and Italian ESL students’ Language Learning Strategy. In addition, this review also aims to know the Language Learning Strategy used by other ESL countries and to become the main purchase of this study to evaluate Indonesian’ Language Learning Strategy. In Indonesia, English becomes a foreign language where it is not an official language and has limited language input. Whereas, as we already know, English is a common subject learning for most people in Indonesia. This is due to the high interest and need for mastering English in various aspects. In learning English as a target language, people not only need to master their knowledge, but also the need for better and useful communicative competence in use. However, the need to come up with some appropriate teaching strategies becomes an important factor to achieve their goals.


English Language Learning, TEFL, and Language Learning Strategy.

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